Florida Disaster Consulting (FDC) understands that hazard events will continue to occur, and at their worst can result in death and destruction of property and infrastructure. The work done to minimize the impact of hazard events to life and property is called Hazard Mitigation. Often, these damaging events occur in the same locations over time (i.e. hurricanes), and cause repeated damage. Because of this, FDC focuses on Hazard Mitigation planning and funding to reduce repetitive loss, thereby breaking the disaster cycle.
Essential Steps of Hazard Mitigation:
- Vulnerability analysis
- Defining a hazard mitigation strategy
- Implementation of hazard mitigation activities and projects
Once hazards have been identified, our next step is to determine who and what would be at risk if the hazard event occurs again. FDC provides vulnerability and risk assessment to identify, quantify, and prioritize the vulnerabilities of a jurisdiction that may impede their response and recovery in the case of a disaster.
Defining a Hazard Mitigation Strategy
Once we know where the hazards are, and who or what could be affected by a disaster, we have to strategize about what to do to prevent a disaster from occurring or to minimize the effects if it does occur. The end result should be a Hazard Mitigation plan that identifies long-term strategies that may include planning, policy changes, programs, projects and other activities, as well as how to implement them. Hazard Mitigation plans should be done at every level including individuals, businesses, state, local, and federal governments.
Hazard Mitigation Activities and Projects
Once we develop Hazard Mitigation plans and strategies, they must be followed for any change in the disaster cycle to occur. Hazard mitigation activities are meant to be permanent or long-term fixes and include a number of options that must follow all federal requirements, regulations, and timelines.
We assist with the following two Hazard Mitigation Programs recognized by FEMA:
- The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). See Section 404 of the Stafford Act.
- 406 Hazard Mitigation is part of the Public Assistance process. See Section 406 of the Stafford Act.
Our goal is to be part of the solution to break the disaster cycle by being aware of the hazards that may affect you and your community and becoming active in your community’s hazard mitigation planning process.